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Exam Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE v2.0)
Number 300-101
File Name Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE v2-0).certkiller.300-101.2020-01-10.1e.512q.vcex
Size 14.83 Mb
Posted January 10, 2020
Downloads 64
Download Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE v2-0).certkiller.300-101.2020-01-10.1e.512q.vcex

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Demo Questions

Question 1

Refer to the exhibit. 

  

Based on this FIB table, which statement is correct?

  • A: There is no default gateway.
  • B: The IP address of the router on FastEthernet is 209.168.201.1.
  • C: The gateway of last resort is 192.168.201.1.
  • D: The router will listen for all multicast traffic.

Correct Answer: C

The 0.0.0.0/0 route is the default route and is listed as the first CEF entry. Here we see the next hop for this default route lists 192.168.201.1 as the default router (gateway of last resort).




Question 2

A network engineer notices that transmission rates of senders of TCP traffic sharply increase and decrease simultaneously during periods of congestion. Which condition causes this?

  • A: global synchronization
  • B: tail drop
  • C: random early detection
  • D: queue management algorithm

Correct Answer: A

TCP global synchronization in computer networks can happen to TCP/IP flows during periods of congestion because each sender will reduce their transmission rate at the same time when packet loss occurs. 
Routers on the Internet normally have packet queues, to allow them to hold packets when the network is busy, rather than discarding them. 
Because routers have limited resources, the size of these queues is also limited. The simplest technique to limit queue size is known as tail drop. The queue is allowed to fill to its maximum size, and then any new packets are simply discarded, until there is space in the queue again. 
This causes problems when used on TCP/IP routers handling multiple TCP streams, especially when bursty traffic is present. While the network is stable, the queue is constantly full, and there are no problems except that the full queue results in high latency. However, the introduction of a sudden burst of traffic may cause large numbers of established, steady streams to lose packets simultaneously. 
Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TCP_global_synchronization




Question 3

Which three problems result from application mixing of UDP and TCP streams within a network with no QoS? (Choose three.)

  • A: starvation
  • B: jitter
  • C: latency
  • D: windowing
  • E: lower throughput

Correct Answer: ACE

It is a general best practice not to mix TCP-based traffic with UDP-based traffic (especially streaming video) within a single service provider class due to the behaviors of these protocols during periods of congestion. Specifically, TCP transmitters will throttle-back flows when drops have been detected. Although some UDP applications have application-level windowing, flow control, and retransmission capabilities, most UDP transmitters are completely oblivious to drops and thus never lower transmission rates due to dropping. When TCP flows are combined with UDP flows in a single service provider class and the class experiences congestion, then TCP flows will continually lower their rates, potentially giving up their bandwidth to drop-oblivious UDP flows. This effect is called TCP-starvation/UDP-dominance. This can increase latency and lower the overall throughput. 
TCP-starvation/UDP-dominance likely occurs if (TCP-based) mission-critical data is assigned to the same service provider class as (UDP-based) streaming video and the class experiences sustained congestion. Even if WRED is enabled on the service provider class, the same behavior would be observed, as WRED (for the most part) only affects TCP-based flows.  
Granted, it is not always possible to separate TCP-based flows from UDP-based flows, but it is beneficial to be aware of this behavior when making such application-mixing decisions. 
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/cc/so/neso/vpn/vpnsp/spqsd_wp.htm




Question 4

Which method allows IPv4 and IPv6 to work together without requiring both to be used for a single connection during the migration process?

  • A: dual-stack method
  • B: 6to4 tunneling
  • C: GRE tunneling
  • D: NAT-PT

Correct Answer: A

Dual stack means that devices are able to run IPv4 and IPv6 in parallel. It allows hosts to simultaneously reach IPv4 and IPv6 content, so it offers a very flexible coexistence strategy. For sessions that support IPv6, IPv6 is used on a dual stack endpoint. If both endpoints support Ipv4 only, then IPv4 is used. 
Benefits:
Native dual stack does not require any tunneling mechanisms on internal networks 
Both IPv4 and IPv6 run independent of each other 
Dual stack supports gradual migration of endpoints, networks, and applications. 
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/web/strategy/docs/gov/IPV6at_a_glance_c45-625859.pdf




Question 5

Which statement about the use of tunneling to migrate to IPv6 is true?

  • A: Tunneling is less secure than dual stack or translation.
  • B: Tunneling is more difficult to configure than dual stack or translation.
  • C: Tunneling does not enable users of the new protocol to communicate with users of the old protocol without dual-stack hosts.
  • D: Tunneling destinations are manually determined by the IPv4 address in the low-order 32 bits of IPv4-compatible IPv6 addresses.

Correct Answer: C

Using the tunneling option, organizations build an overlay network that tunnels one protocol over the other by encapsulating IPv6 packets within IPv4 packets and IPv4 packets within IPv6 packets. The advantage of this approach is that the new protocol can work without disturbing the old protocol, thus providing connectivity between users of the new protocol.  
Tunneling has two disadvantages, as discussed in RFC 6144: 
Users of the new architecture cannot use the services of the underlying infrastructure.  
Tunneling does not enable users of the new protocol to communicate with users of the old protocol without dual-stack hosts, which negates interoperability. 
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/ios-nx-os-software/enterprise-ipv6-solution/white_paper_c11-676278.html




Question 6

A network administrator executes the command clear ip route. Which two tables does this command clear and rebuild? (Choose two.)

  • A: IP routing
  • B: FIB
  • C: ARP cache
  • D: MAC address table
  • E: Cisco Express Forwarding table
  • F: topology table

Correct Answer: AB

To clear one or more entries in the IP routing table, use the following commands in any mode:

  

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/datacenter/nexus5000/sw/unicast/5_0_3_N1_1/Cisco_n5k_layer3_ucast_cfg_rel_503_N1_1/l3_manage-routes.html




Question 7

Which three TCP enhancements can be used with TCP selective acknowledgments? (Choose three.)

  • A: header compression
  • B: explicit congestion notification
  • C: keepalive
  • D: time stamps
  • E: TCP path discovery
  • F: MTU window

Correct Answer: BCD

TCP Selective Acknowledgment 
The TCP Selective Acknowledgment feature improves performance if multiple packets are lost from one TCP window of data. 
Prior to this feature, because of limited information available from cumulative acknowledgments, a TCP sender could learn about only one lost packet per-round-trip time. An aggressive sender could choose to resend packets early, but such re-sent segments might have already been successfully received. 
The TCP selective acknowledgment mechanism helps improve performance. The receiving TCP host returns selective acknowledgment packets to the sender, informing the sender of data that has been received. In other words, the receiver can acknowledge packets received out of order. The sender can then resend only missing data segments (instead of everything since the first missing packet). 
Prior to selective acknowledgment, if TCP lost packets 4 and 7 out of an 8-packet window, TCP would receive acknowledgment of only packets 1, 2, and 3. Packets 4 through 8 would need to be re-sent. With selective acknowledgment, TCP receives acknowledgment of packets 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 8. Only packets 4 and 7 must be re-sent. 
TCP selective acknowledgment is used only when multiple packets are dropped within one TCP window. There is no performance impact when the feature is enabled but not used. Use the ip tcp selective-ack command in global configuration mode to enable TCP selective acknowledgment. 
Refer to RFC 2018 for more details about TCP selective acknowledgment. 
TCP Time Stamp 
The TCP time-stamp option provides improved TCP round-trip time measurements. Because the time stamps are always sent and echoed in both directions and the time-stamp value in the header is always changing, TCP header compression will not compress the outgoing packet. To allow TCP header compression over a serial link, the TCP time-stamp option is disabled. Use the ip tcp timestamp command to enable the TCP time-stamp option. 
TCP Explicit Congestion Notification 
The TCP Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) feature allows an intermediate router to notify end hosts of impending network congestion. It also provides enhanced support for TCP sessions associated with applications, such as Telnet, web browsing, and transfer of audio and video data that are sensitive to delay or packet loss. The benefit of this feature is the reduction of delay and packet loss in data transmissions. Use the ip tcp ecn command in global configuration mode to enable TCP ECN. 
TCP Keepalive Timer 
The TCP Keepalive Timer feature provides a mechanism to identify dead connections. 
When a TCP connection on a routing device is idle for too long, the device sends a TCP keepalive packet to the peer with only the Acknowledgment (ACK) flag turned on. If a response packet (a TCP ACK packet) is not received after the device sends a specific number of probes, the connection is considered dead and the device initiating the probes frees resources used by the TCP connection. 
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/ipapp/configuration/xe-3s/asr1000/iap-xe-3s-asr1000-book/iap-tcp.html#GUID-22A82C5F-631F-4390-9838-F2E48FFEEA01




Question 8

A network administrator uses IP SLA to measure UDP performance and notices that packets on one router have a higher one-way delay compared to the opposite direction. 
Which UDP characteristic does this scenario describe?

  • A: latency
  • B: starvation
  • C: connectionless communication
  • D: nonsequencing unordered packets
  • E: jitter

Correct Answer: A

Cisco IOS IP SLAs provides a proactive notification feature with an SNMP trap. Each measurement operation can monitor against a pre-set performance threshold. Cisco IOS IP SLAs generates an SNMP trap to alert management applications if this threshold is crossed. Several SNMP traps are available: round trip time, average jitter, one-way latency, jitter, packet loss, MOS, and connectivity tests.
Here is a partial sample output from the IP SLA statistics that can be seen:
router#show ip sla statistics 1 
Round Trip Time (RTT) for Index 55 
Latest RTT: 1 ms
Latest operation start time: *23:43:31.845 UTC Thu Feb 3 2005
Latest operation return code: OK
RTT Values:
Number Of RTT: 10 RTT Min/Avg/Max: 1/1/1 milliseconds
Latency one-way time:
Number of Latency one-way Samples: 0
Source to Destination Latency one way Min/Avg/Max: 0/0/0 milliseconds
Destination to Source Latency one way Min/Avg/Max: 0/0/0 milliseconds
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/technologies/tk648/tk362/tk920/technologies_white_paper09186a00802d5efe.html




Question 9

Which difference in the packet fragmentation feature between IPv4 and IPv6 devices is true?

  • A: Only IPv6 headers support the DF bit.
  • B: Only IPv6 packets can be fragmented at the destination.
  • C: Only IPv4 headers support the more fragments bit.
  • D: Unlike IPv4 routers, IPv6 routers cannot fragment packets by default.

Correct Answer: D




Question 10

Prior to enabling PPPoE in a virtual private dialup network group, which task must be completed?

  • A: Disable CDP on the interface.
  • B: Execute the vpdn enable command.
  • C: Execute the no switchport command.
  • D: Enable QoS FIFO for PPPoE support.

Correct Answer: B

Enabling PPPoE in a VPDN Group  
Perform this task to enable PPPoE in a virtual private dial-up network (VPDN) group. 
Restrictions 
This task applies only to releases prior to Cisco IOS Release 12.2(13)T. 
SUMMARY STEPS  
enable  
configure terminal 
vpdn enable 
vpdn-group name 
request-dialin 
protocol pppoe 
DETAILED STEPS 

  

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/12_2t/12_2t2/feature/guide/ftpppoec_support_TSD_Island_of_Content_Chapter.html










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