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Exam Designing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions
Number AZ-305
File Name Microsoft.AZ-305.PremiumDumps.2022-12-20.202q.vcex
Size 8 MB
Posted Dec 20, 2022
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Demo Questions

Question 1

You need to ensure that users managing the production environment are registered for Azure MFA and must authenticate by using Azure MFA when they sign in to the Azure portal. The solution must meet the authentication and authorization requirements.
What should you do? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
  


Correct answer: To work with this question, an Exam Simulator is required.
Explanation:
Box 1: Azure AD Identity ProtectionAzure AD Identity Protection helps you manage the roll-out of Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) registration by configuring a Conditional Access policy to require MFA registration no matter what modern authentication app you are signing in to.Scenario: Users that manage the production environment by using the Azure portal must connect from a hybrid Azure AD-joined device and authenticate by using Azure Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA).Box 2: Sign-in risk policy...Scenario: The Litware.com tenant has a conditional access policy named capolicy1. Capolicy1requires that when users manage the Azure subscription for a production environment by using the Azure portal, they must connect from a hybrid Azure AD-joined device.Identity Protection policies we have two risk policies that we can enable in our directory.Sign-in risk policyUser risk policyReference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/identity-protection/howto-identity-protection-configure-mfa-policyhttps://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/identity-protection/howto-identity-protection-configure-risk-policies
Box 1: Azure AD Identity Protection
Azure AD Identity Protection helps you manage the roll-out of Azure AD Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) registration by configuring a Conditional Access policy to require MFA registration no matter what modern authentication app you are signing in to.
Scenario: Users that manage the production environment by using the Azure portal must connect from a hybrid Azure AD-joined device and authenticate by using Azure Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA).
Box 2: Sign-in risk policy...
Scenario: The Litware.com tenant has a conditional access policy named capolicy1. Capolicy1
requires that when users manage the Azure subscription for a production environment by using the Azure portal, they must connect from a hybrid Azure AD-joined device.
Identity Protection policies we have two risk policies that we can enable in our directory.
Sign-in risk policy
User risk policy
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/identity-protection/howto-identity-protection-configure-mfa-policy
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/identity-protection/howto-identity-protection-configure-risk-policies



Question 2

You plan to migrate App1 to Azure.
You need to recommend a network connectivity solution for the Azure Storage account that will host the App1 dat a. 
The solution must meet the security and compliance requirements.
What should you include in the recommendation?


  1. a private endpoint
  2. a service endpoint that has a service endpoint policy
  3. Azure public peering for an ExpressRoute circuit
  4. Microsoft peering for an ExpressRoute circuit
Correct answer: A
Explanation:
Private Endpoint securely connect to storage accounts from on-premises networks that connect to the VNet using VPN or ExpressRoutes with private-peering.Private Endpoint also secure your storage account by configuring the storage firewall to block all connections on the public endpoint for the storage service.https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/expressroute/expressroute-faqs#microsoft-peering
Private Endpoint securely connect to storage accounts from on-premises networks that connect to the VNet using VPN or ExpressRoutes with private-peering.
Private Endpoint also secure your storage account by configuring the storage firewall to block all connections on the public endpoint for the storage service.
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/expressroute/expressroute-faqs#microsoft-peering



Question 3

You plan to migrate App1 to Azure. The solution must meet the authentication and authorization requirements.
Which type of endpoint should App1 use to obtain an access token?


  1. Azure Instance Metadata Service (IMDS)
  2. Azure AD
  3. Azure Service Management
  4. Microsoft identity platform
Correct answer: D
Explanation:
Scenario: To access the resources in Azure, App1 must use the managed identity of the virtual machines that will host the app.Managed identities provide an identity for applications to use when connecting to resources that support Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) authentication. Applications may use the managed identity to obtain Azure AD tokens.Reference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/managed-identities-azure-resources/overview
Scenario: To access the resources in Azure, App1 must use the managed identity of the virtual machines that will host the app.
Managed identities provide an identity for applications to use when connecting to resources that support Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) authentication. Applications may use the managed identity to obtain Azure AD tokens.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/active-directory/managed-identities-azure-resources/overview



Question 4

You need to configure an Azure policy to ensure that the Azure SQL databases have TDE enabled. The solution must meet the security and compliance requirements.
Which three actions should you perform in sequence? To answer, move the appropriate actions from the list of actions to the answer area and arrange them in the correct order.


Correct answer: To work with this question, an Exam Simulator is required.
Explanation:
Scenario: All Azure SQL databases in the production environment must have Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) enabled.Step 1: Create an Azure policy definition that uses the deployIfNotExists identity.The first step is to define the roles that deployIfNotExists and modify needs in the policy definition to successfully deploy the content of your included template.Step 2: Create an Azure policy assignmentWhen creating an assignment using the portal, Azure Policy both generates the managed identity and grants it the roles defined in roleDefinitionIds.Step 3: Invoke a remediation taskResources that are non-compliant to a deployIfNotExists or modify policy can be put into a compliant state through Remediation. Remediation is accomplished by instructing Azure Policy to run the deployIfNotExists effect or the modify operations of the assigned policy on your existing resources and subscriptions, whether that assignment is to a management group, a subscription, a resource group, or an individual resource.During evaluation, the policy assignment with deployIfNotExists or modify effects determines if there are non-compliant resources or subscriptions. When non-compliant resources or subscriptions are found, the details are provided on the Remediation page.Reference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/governance/policy/how-to/remediate-resources
Scenario: All Azure SQL databases in the production environment must have Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) enabled.
Step 1: Create an Azure policy definition that uses the deployIfNotExists identity.
The first step is to define the roles that deployIfNotExists and modify needs in the policy definition to successfully deploy the content of your included template.
Step 2: Create an Azure policy assignment
When creating an assignment using the portal, Azure Policy both generates the managed identity and grants it the roles defined in roleDefinitionIds.
Step 3: Invoke a remediation task
Resources that are non-compliant to a deployIfNotExists or modify policy can be put into a compliant state through Remediation. Remediation is accomplished by instructing Azure Policy to run the deployIfNotExists effect or the modify operations of the assigned policy on your existing resources and subscriptions, whether that assignment is to a management group, a subscription, a resource group, or an individual resource.
During evaluation, the policy assignment with deployIfNotExists or modify effects determines if there are non-compliant resources or subscriptions. When non-compliant resources or subscriptions are found, the details are provided on the Remediation page.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/governance/policy/how-to/remediate-resources



Question 5

You plan to migrate App1 to Azure.
You need to recommend a high-availability solution for App1. The solution must meet the resiliency requirements.
What should you include in the recommendation? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.


Correct answer: To work with this question, an Exam Simulator is required.
Explanation:
Box 1: 3Scenario: App1 must meet the following requirements:Be hosted in an Azure region that supports availability zones.Maintain availability if two availability zones in the local Azure region fail.A host group is a resource that represents a collection of dedicated hosts. You create a host group in a region and an availability zone, and add hosts to it.Use Availability Zones for fault isolationAvailability zones are unique physical locations within an Azure region. Each zone is made up of one or more datacenters equipped with independent power, cooling, and networking. A host group is created in a single availability zone. Once created, all hosts will be placed within that zone. To achieve high availability across zones, you need to create multiple host groups (one per zone) and spread your hosts accordingly.Box 2: 1Scenario: App1 must meet the following requirements:Be hosted on Azure virtual machines that support automatic scaling.An Azure virtual machine scale set can automatically increase or decrease the number of VM instances that run your application. This automated and elastic behavior reduces the management overhead to monitor and optimize the performance of your application.Reference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/dedicated-hostshttps://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/virtual-machine-scale-sets-autoscale-overview
Box 1: 3
Scenario: App1 must meet the following requirements:
Be hosted in an Azure region that supports availability zones.
Maintain availability if two availability zones in the local Azure region fail.
A host group is a resource that represents a collection of dedicated hosts. You create a host group in a region and an availability zone, and add hosts to it.
Use Availability Zones for fault isolation
Availability zones are unique physical locations within an Azure region. Each zone is made up of one or more datacenters equipped with independent power, cooling, and networking. A host group is created in a single availability zone. Once created, all hosts will be placed within that zone. To achieve high availability across zones, you need to create multiple host groups (one per zone) and spread your hosts accordingly.
Box 2: 1
Scenario: App1 must meet the following requirements:
Be hosted on Azure virtual machines that support automatic scaling.
An Azure virtual machine scale set can automatically increase or decrease the number of VM instances that run your application. This automated and elastic behavior reduces the management overhead to monitor and optimize the performance of your application.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/dedicated-hosts
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/virtual-machine-scale-sets-autoscale-overview



Question 6

You plan to migrate App1 to Azure.
You need to estimate the compute costs for App1 in Azure. The solution must meet the security and compliance requirements.
What should you use to estimate the costs, and what should you implement to minimize the costs?
To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
  


Correct answer: To work with this question, an Exam Simulator is required.
Explanation:
Box 1: The Azure Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) CalculatorThe Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Calculator estimates the cost savings you can realize by migrating your workloads to Azure.Note: The TCO Calculator recommends a set of equivalent services in Azure that will support your applications. Our analysis will show each cost area with an estimate of your on-premises spend versus your spend in Azure. There are several cost categories that either decrease or go away completely when you move workloads to the cloud.Box 2: Azure Hybrid BenefitAzure Hybrid Benefit is a licensing benefit that helps you to significantly reduce the costs of running your workloads in the cloud. It works by letting you use your on-premises Software Assurance-enabled Windows Server and SQL Server licenses on Azure. And now, this benefit applies to RedHat and SUSE Linux subscriptions, too.Scenario:Litware identifies the following security and compliance requirements:Once App1 is migrated to Azure, you must ensure that new data can be written to the app, and the modification of new and existing data is prevented for a period of three years.On-premises users and services must be able to access the Azure Storage account that will host the data in App1.Access to the public endpoint of the Azure Storage account that will host the App1 data must be prevented.All Azure SQL databases in the production environment must have Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) enabled.App1 must not share physical hardware with other workloads.Reference:https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/tco/https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/hybrid-benefit/
Box 1: The Azure Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Calculator
The Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) Calculator estimates the cost savings you can realize by migrating your workloads to Azure.
Note: The TCO Calculator recommends a set of equivalent services in Azure that will support your applications. Our analysis will show each cost area with an estimate of your on-premises spend versus your spend in Azure. There are several cost categories that either decrease or go away completely when you move workloads to the cloud.
Box 2: Azure Hybrid Benefit
Azure Hybrid Benefit is a licensing benefit that helps you to significantly reduce the costs of running your workloads in the cloud. It works by letting you use your on-premises Software Assurance-enabled Windows Server and SQL Server licenses on Azure. And now, this benefit applies to RedHat and SUSE Linux subscriptions, too.
Scenario:
Litware identifies the following security and compliance requirements:
Once App1 is migrated to Azure, you must ensure that new data can be written to the app, and the modification of new and existing data is prevented for a period of three years.
On-premises users and services must be able to access the Azure Storage account that will host the data in App1.
Access to the public endpoint of the Azure Storage account that will host the App1 data must be prevented.
All Azure SQL databases in the production environment must have Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) enabled.
App1 must not share physical hardware with other workloads.
Reference:
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/tco/
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/pricing/hybrid-benefit/



Question 7

You plan to migrate App1 to Azure.
You need to recommend a storage solution for App1 that meets the security and compliance requirements.
Which type of storage should you recommend, and how should you recommend configuring the storage? To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area.
NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.
  


Correct answer: To work with this question, an Exam Simulator is required.
Explanation:
Box 1: Standard general-purpose v2Standard general-purpose v2 supports Blob Storage.Azure Storage provides data protection for Blob Storage and Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2.Scenario:Litware identifies the following security and compliance requirements:Once App1 is migrated to Azure, you must ensure that new data can be written to the app, and the modification of new and existing data is prevented for a period of three years.On-premises users and services must be able to access the Azure Storage account that will host the data in App1.Access to the public endpoint of the Azure Storage account that will host the App1 data must be prevented.All Azure SQL databases in the production environment must have Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) enabled.App1 must NOT share physical hardware with other workloads.Box 2: NFSv3Scenario: Plan: Migrate App1 to Azure virtual machines.Blob storage now supports the Network File System (NFS) 3.0 protocol. This support provides Linux file system compatibility at object storage scale and prices and enables Linux clients to mount a container in Blob storage from an Azure Virtual Machine (VM) or a computer on-premises.Reference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/blobs/data-protection-overview
Box 1: Standard general-purpose v2
Standard general-purpose v2 supports Blob Storage.
Azure Storage provides data protection for Blob Storage and Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2.
Scenario:
Litware identifies the following security and compliance requirements:
Once App1 is migrated to Azure, you must ensure that new data can be written to the app, and the modification of new and existing data is prevented for a period of three years.
On-premises users and services must be able to access the Azure Storage account that will host the data in App1.
Access to the public endpoint of the Azure Storage account that will host the App1 data must be prevented.
All Azure SQL databases in the production environment must have Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) enabled.
App1 must NOT share physical hardware with other workloads.
Box 2: NFSv3
Scenario: Plan: Migrate App1 to Azure virtual machines.
Blob storage now supports the Network File System (NFS) 3.0 protocol. This support provides Linux file system compatibility at object storage scale and prices and enables Linux clients to mount a container in Blob storage from an Azure Virtual Machine (VM) or a computer on-premises.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/blobs/data-protection-overview



Question 8

You migrate App1 to Azure. You need to ensure that the data storage for App1 meets the security and compliance requirement
What should you do?


  1. Create an access policy for the blob
  2. Modify the access level of the blob service.
  3. Implement Azure resource locks.
  4. Create Azure RBAC assignments.
Correct answer: A
Explanation:
Scenario: Once App1 is migrated to Azure, you must ensure that new data can be written to the app, and the modification of new and existing data is prevented for a period of three years.As an administrator, you can lock a subscription, resource group, or resource to prevent other users in your organization from accidentally deleting or modifying critical resources. The lock overrides any permissions the user might have.Reference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/management/lock-resources
Scenario: Once App1 is migrated to Azure, you must ensure that new data can be written to the app, and the modification of new and existing data is prevented for a period of three years.
As an administrator, you can lock a subscription, resource group, or resource to prevent other users in your organization from accidentally deleting or modifying critical resources. The lock overrides any permissions the user might have.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/management/lock-resources



Question 9

How should the migrated databases DB1 and DB2 be implemented in Azure?


Correct answer: To work with this question, an Exam Simulator is required.
Explanation:
Box 1: SQL Managed InstanceScenario: Once migrated to Azure, DB1 and DB2 must meet the following requirements:Maintain availability if two availability zones in the local Azure region fail.Fail over automatically.Minimize I/O latency.The auto-failover groups feature allows you to manage the replication and failover of a group of databases on a server or all databases in a managed instance to another region. It is a declarative abstraction on top of the existing active geo-replication feature, designed to simplify deployment and management of geo-replicated databases at scale. You can initiate a geo-failover manually or you can delegate it to the Azure service based on a user-defined policy. The latter option allows you to automatically recover multiple related databases in a secondary region after a catastrophic failure or other unplanned event that results in full or partial loss of the SQL Database or SQL Managed Instance availability in the primary region.Box 2: Business criticalSQL Managed Instance is available in two service tiers:General purpose: Designed for applications with typical performance and I/O latency requirements.Business critical: Designed for applications with low I/O latency requirements and minimal impact of underlying maintenance operations on the workload.Reference:https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/auto-failover-group-overviewhttps://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/managed-instance/sql-managed-instance-paas-overview
Box 1: SQL Managed Instance
Scenario: Once migrated to Azure, DB1 and DB2 must meet the following requirements:
Maintain availability if two availability zones in the local Azure region fail.
Fail over automatically.
Minimize I/O latency.
The auto-failover groups feature allows you to manage the replication and failover of a group of databases on a server or all databases in a managed instance to another region. It is a declarative abstraction on top of the existing active geo-replication feature, designed to simplify deployment and management of geo-replicated databases at scale. You can initiate a geo-failover manually or you can delegate it to the Azure service based on a user-defined policy. The latter option allows you to automatically recover multiple related databases in a secondary region after a catastrophic failure or other unplanned event that results in full or partial loss of the SQL Database or SQL Managed Instance availability in the primary region.
Box 2: Business critical
SQL Managed Instance is available in two service tiers:
General purpose: Designed for applications with typical performance and I/O latency requirements.
Business critical: Designed for applications with low I/O latency requirements and minimal impact of underlying maintenance operations on the workload.
Reference:
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/database/auto-failover-group-overview
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-sql/managed-instance/sql-managed-instance-paas-overview



Question 10

You need to implement the Azure RBAC role assignments for the Network Contributor role. The solution must meet the authentication and authorization requirements.
What is the minimum number of assignments that you must use?


  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 5
  4. 10
  5. 15
Correct answer: A
Explanation:
Scenario: The Network Contributor built-in RBAC role must be used to grant permissions to the network administrators for all the virtual networks in all the Azure subscriptions.RBAC roles must be applied at the highest level possible.
Scenario: The Network Contributor built-in RBAC role must be used to grant permissions to the network administrators for all the virtual networks in all the Azure subscriptions.
RBAC roles must be applied at the highest level possible.









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